The Inca Empire arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in early 13th century.  The Incas identified their king as "child of the sun."  The belief system of the Incas was polytheistic. Inti, the Sun God, was the godhead, which the Incas believed was the direct ancestor of the Sapa Inca, the title of the hereditary rulers of the empire.  Believe it or not, women were very much valued in the family, politics, work, and religion.
The red area is where the Inca people settled.